The human being as the focal point. Connected with the above considerations was the problem of social forms and of history. Close encounters of a third kind A distinct aspect of European discoveries and encounters with "otherness" is the transportation of non-Europeans to Europe and the West. Are there any overarching themes to your work? In order to be able to check these general facts from history books in a simple and fast way, we refer to the respective passages of the German Wikipedia As of:. Hardly anyone living under any other form of government than democracy would follow universal human rights.
The definition of the most basic European values
Though the Netherlands was absorbed by the Holy Roman Empire ca. Representatives of European trading companies cooperated in their daily activities with local banyans Hindu trader , merchants, bankers, interpreters and domestic servants. All five of the great naval powers conquered various Caribbean islands , and trading posts were established along the coasts of Africa and India. Other civilizations, other histories Europe's relationship with the rest of the Eurasian continent was defined by a different dynamic. And while it may be that other cultures - like the Chinese and the Polynesians - had previously sent out long-distance voyages to explore new areas, there is no evidence that this series of explorations began with the idea of bringing back more and more knowledge about the planet. Download the definition of the european values as PDF.
Gender Roles of Women in the Renaissance
Another polygenetic view held that they were the product of an act, or acts, of creation separate to the one described in Genesis, with God creating different human beings according to the differing geomorphology of the various regions of the world. They applied reason to all areas of everyday life, exposing superstition and starting a scientific revolution. But his ethnological descriptions also offered a clue to history. One was distinctly Eurocentric and identified the causes of Oriental "otherness" in negative terms. For example, how did states get the ability to impose heavy taxes?
Secularization could only emerge by using rationality, since rational thinking was the only way to expose religious dogmas. Bancel, Nicolas et al. Europe's relationship with the rest of the Eurasian continent was defined by a different dynamic. In the second half of the 15th century, Europe entered an age of discovery which resulted in new, increasingly dense relationships with territories and populations all over the world. When religious authorities determine laws and regulations for living together in a society, these laws are always refer to God. She enjoys the attention she gets from men for being a dainty female. Anyone — meeting certain criteria — can become a civil representative.